Talk:Firewall

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Most Linux distros don't run a firewall out of box, but you should be reasonably safe unless you're running some network services (which most Linux distros also don't do out of box). Even if you are running a compromisable service, you should be okay, since there aren't many linux worms, so you'd have to be targeted by an actual live cracker. Your mileage may vary though. Security through obscurity is a bad thing, so you might want to check out what services you're running. Crazyeddie 04:57, Jul 19, 2004 (EDT)

LINUX -Ethernet Bridge Troubleshoot

I have a LINUX firewall/router server which uses a wireless card as an access point. This card is successfully delving out DHCP ip addresses to wireless clients. I'm having trouble getting a samba Server [called Backup] on the same network as the wireless clients. This is where we could please use some help. It connects to another card on this LINUX firewall/router system via a hub. The LINUX firewall has a network bridge configured at br0.

How our bridge works, we set all the to be bridged nics to no ip and so you give ifconfig a setting of promisc up which as described by the ifconfig man page means "All packets on the network will be received by the interface."

bridge name bridge id STP enabled interfaces br0 8000.001346e6250b no ath1

                                                                                 eth2 
                                                                                 tap0

As you can see below, ath1, eth2, and tap0 all don't have an IP because they are all in the bridge. br0, the bridge, takes all traffic that comes from the interfaces: ath1, eth2, and tap0 and "bridges" the networks in this way as if they were all on one network card, the configuration of br0 represents this "one network card". Our bridge was constructed using the howto from the OpenVPN site with a small modification that allows three interfaces on the bridge: http://openvpn.net/bridge.html


Linux Server (Firewall): ath1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:14:6C:89:44:87

         inet6 addr: fe80::214:6cff:fe89:4487/64 Scope:Link 
         UP BROADCAST RUNNING PROMISC MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:16496 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:20112 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
         RX bytes:1904165 (1.8 Mb)  TX bytes:15290428 ( 14.5 Mb)

br0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:13:46:E6:25:0B

         inet addr: 192.169.0.1  Bcast: 192.169.0.255  Mask: 255.255.255.0
         inet6 addr: fe80::213:46ff:fee6:250b/64 Scope:Link
         UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1 
         RX packets:14442 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:15492 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
         RX bytes:1618977 (1.5 Mb)  TX bytes:7141959 (6.8 Mb)

eth2 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:13:46:E6:25:0B

         inet6 addr: fe80::213:46ff:fee6:250b/64 Scope:Link 
         UP BROADCAST RUNNING PROMISC MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:122429276 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 
         TX packets:270420109 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
         RX bytes:887642421 (846.5 Mb)  TX bytes:2930004281 (2794.2 Mb)
         Interrupt:225 Base address:0xdc00

eth3 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:16:EC:69:3C:B5

         inet addr: x.x.12.2  Bcast: x.x.12.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
         inet6 addr: fe80::216:ecff:fe69:3cb5/64 Scope:Link 
         UP BROADCAST NOTRAILERS RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1 
         RX packets:8140802 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:2323611 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
         RX bytes:3906504983 ( 3725.5 Mb)  TX bytes:551977672 (526.4 Mb)
         Interrupt:209 Base address:0xd800 

lo Link encap:Local Loopback

         inet addr: 127.0.0.1   Mask: 255.0.0.0
         inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
         UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:16436  Metric:1 
         RX packets:23808860 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 
         TX packets:23808860 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
         RX bytes:2245957434 (2141.9 Mb)  TX bytes:2245957434 (2141.9 Mb)

tap0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr CE:3C:1D:1E:3B:41

         inet6 addr: fe80::cc3c:1dff:fe1e:3b41/64 Scope:Link 
         UP BROADCAST RUNNING PROMISC MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:704 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:100 
         RX bytes:0 (0.0 b)  TX bytes:180832 ( 176.5 Kb)

wifi0 Link encap:UNSPEC HWaddr 00-14-6C-89-44-87-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00

         UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1 
         RX packets:16605879 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:1080636 
         TX packets:11432729 errors:65368 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:199
         RX bytes:2162385966 ( 2062.2 Mb)  TX bytes:748681877 (713.9 Mb)
         Interrupt:209 Memory:cf080000-cf090000 

Backup [Samba] Server:

eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:10:5A:01:96:0D

         inet addr: 192.169.0.3  Bcast: 192.169.0.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
         inet6 addr: fe80::210:5aff:fe01:960d/64 Scope:Link
         UP BROADCAST NOTRAILERS RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1 
         RX packets:1558 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:1304 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
         RX bytes:198584 (193.9 Kb)  TX bytes:125200 ( 122.2 Kb)
         Interrupt:9 Base address:0xdf00

lo Link encap:Local Loopback

         inet addr: 127.0.0.1  Mask: 255.0.0.0
         inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host 
         UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:16436  Metric:1 
         RX packets:94 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:94 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
         RX bytes:6804 (6.6 Kb)  TX bytes:6804 (6.6 Kb)