To set up networking, you need to know the IP address and netmask of your computer. One way to note a netmask is like this:
IP: 192.168.0.1, netmask: 255.255.255.0.
With the CIDR notation, this goes easier. In this particular case it would be
The CIDR notation contains the IP address, then a slash ("/"), then the number of bits set in the subnet mask:
is an abbreviation for:
IP Address: 192.168.0.0 Netmask: 255.255.255.0 (in binary) 11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000
because this subnet mask uses 24 bits for the network portion of the address.
would look like:
IP Address: 192.168.0.0 Netmask: 255.255.248.0 (in binary) 11111111.11111111.11111000.00000000
And so on...
Because of its versatility, brevity, and easiness to understand CIDR notation is now the preferred method of identifying a network.