Qemu running the oralux live CD in debian sarge
Installation of qemu from source
System: Debian sarge
alias g='egrep -i -r' alias ll='ls -l --color=tty'
Note: To execute the commands properly, log in as root.
Get the softWare
cd /usr/src wget http://fabrice.bellard.free.fr/qemu/qemu-0.8.2.tar.gz tar -xzf qemu-0.8.2.tar.gz
You will also need to get the dependencies for building:
apt-get build-dep qemu
According to http://www.kidsquid.com/cgi-bin/moin.cgi/FrequentlyAskedQuestions, the code needs to be compiled with a gcc of a smaller version than 4.0. So,
dpkg -l | g gcc-3.4 ii gcc-3.4 3.4.3-13sarge1 The GNU C compiler ii gcc-3.4-base 3.4.3-13sarge1 The GNU Compiler Collection (base package)
I compiled the kernel with gcc-3.4 :
modinfo /lib/modules/2.6.18-am2nf3/kernel/drivers/char/lp.ko | g vermagic vermagic: 2.6.18-am2nf3 preempt mod_unload K8 gcc-3.4
- If your kernel was compiled with gcc-3.3 just replace "gcc-3.4" with "gcc-3.3" in the next ./configure command line options.
- If you don't want to recompile your kernel, just do a ./configure without arguments. I didn't test it but this is the usual way to do things anyway.
- If you have already made some compilation, let's clean (obviously not needed if you just decompressed the archive)
cd /usr/src/qemu-0.8.2 make clean ./configure --cc=gcc-3.4 --host-cc=gcc-3.4 && make && make install
Note: At the moment the --host-cc option seems to only apply to the compilation of the program dyngen which is used to generate some '.h' files during compilation so i guess the --cc option could be sufficient but it shouldn't hurt to use the same gcc for everything anyway.
QEMU Accelerator : KQEMU
- Get the package from http://fabrice.bellard.free.fr/qemu/download.html
tar -xzf kqemu-1.3.0pre9.tar.gz cd /usr/src/kqemu-1.3.0pre9 make clean ./configure --cc=gcc-3.4 --host-cc=gcc-3.4 && make && make install modinfo $(modprobe --list | g kqemu) filename: /lib/modules/2.6.18-am2nf3/misc/kqemu.ko license: Proprietary vermagic: 2.6.18-am2nf3 preempt mod_unload K8 gcc-3.4 depends: parm: major:int
mknod /dev/kqemu c 250 0 chmod 666 $device ll /dev/kqemu crw-rw-rw- 1 root root 250, 0 Dec 26 13:56 /dev/kqemu
- If you use udev like me and reboot right now, there won't be any /dev/kqemu anymore even if you insert the kqemu module (modprobe kqemu).
Let's configure the system so that the kqemu module is loaded with the "major=0" option :
echo "options kqemu major=0" > /etc/modprobe.d/my_kqemu
Let's remove /dev/kqemu to see how it is recreated.
rm /dev/kqemu modprobe kqemu ll /dev/kqemu crw-rw---- 1 root root 10, 62 Dec 26 14:00 /dev/kqemu tail -n 2 /var/log/syslog Dec 26 14:00:00 sarge kernel: KQEMU installed, max_locked_mem=518060kB. Dec 26 14:00:03 sarge udev: creating device node '/dev/kqemu'
The "major=0" module option provided to kqemu has had at least two noticeable effects :
- The /dev/kqemu device file is autocreated by udev on insertion of kqemu.
- There is now an automatic major/minor numbers allocation of /dev/kqemu going on.
We need to be able to access /dev/kqemu as a normal user :
echo 'KERNEL="kqemu", MODE="0666", GROUP="root"' > /etc/udev/rules.d/my_kqemu.rules
Let's udev know about the configuration modification :
ll /dev/kqemu crw-rw-rw- 1 root root 10, 62 Dec 26 14:00 /dev/kqemu
If you want to increase the amount of memory on your virtual machine and have enough memory/swap on your host OS, then you may need to extend the maximum size limit of the standard virtual memory filesystem  mounted on /dev/shm :
mount -t tmpfs -o remount,size=528m none /dev/shm
Let's give Qemu what it asks for :
echo 1024 > /proc/sys/dev/rtc/max-user-freq
Example : qemu running the oralux live cd
Quote: "Oralux hopes to facilitate access to GNU/Linux for the visually impaired."
Where to get the oralux iso : http://oralux.org/download.php
How to boot the live CD :
qemu -m 512 -kernel-kqemu -cdrom /usr/src/Oralux_0.7_alpha.iso -boot d -soundhw es1370 &
At the boot prompt, enter the following line :
knoppix apic=off clock=pit
The "clock=pit" boot option is recommanded for kernel 2.6 (guest) on the qemu web site. It seemed to work ok without though.
Small description of the qemu command line :
- 512 Mo of RAM
- Adjust to your needs/capabilities
- Use the kemu Accelerator
- The live CD inserted into the virtual machine at boot time.
- Boot the vm from the CD
- A sound card simulation
- You can click in the qemu window to get full keyboard emulation.
- Press Ctrl-Alt to get keyboard control back in your Host OS.