Windows to Linux Migration
- 1 Why switch to Linux?
- 2 How to make the switch
- 3 Various Tasks
- 4 See also
Why switch to Linux?
There are many reasons to switch to Linux:
- No viruses or other malware (spyware, adware, etc.).
- Online support. Try getting a helpful answer from Microsoft's tech support sometime (it won't happen). With Linux, there are literally tens of thousands of people who are willing to answer your questions, for free, as long as you ask good ones.
- It's free -- you won't have to pay hundreds of dollars for buggy Microsoft software any longer.
How to make the switch
Pick a distribution
There are many different Linux distributions out there. The best option for most people is to pick a widely-used distribution such as Ubuntu, Fedora, Manjaro or ZorinOS. These are better supported and more actively developed than less common distributions. If for some reason, though, you feel that these don't suit your needs, take a look at Comparison of Linux distributions to find out which one will best fit you.
How to try Linux out without messing up Windows
If you want to keep your Windows while learning Linux, you have the following options:
- Boot from a Live DVD while testing out a GNU/Linux distro. After ensuring that all (or most) of your hardware works, then consider installing to your hard drive.
- Booting from USB
- Dual booting - keep Windows as well as Linux on your hard disk. Decide when booting which OS you want to use.
- Using e.g. Vmware or VirtualBox to have a virtual machine on your Windows running Linux
For almost every common task, there is free Linux software that does what you need. However, these programs have different names from their Windows counterparts. For instance, if you need to edit a Microsoft Word document in Linux, then you use a program called Libre Office Writer, rather than Microsoft Word. If you want to read PDF files, you use Xpdf, Evince, or Okular (several choices) rather than Adobe Acrobat Reader.
If you know a Windows application that does what you want, but do not know the name of the equivalent Linux application, take a look at the article Linux software equivalent to Windows software. You can also natively run some Windows software under Linux using wine.
Alternatively there is a handy website called OSAlt which stands for Open Source Alternative. It is a large database comparing Windows applications to open source equivalents which can usually be run on Linux. If you search for the proprietary software you want, you may be surprised to find a free alternative which may even work better in some cases.
Another resource is Alternativeto.net which can filter the list of software according to its type: open source, free or commercial. It also lists the other ports of the application so you can check if the it has a port on Windows on Mac.
Set File Associations
Explorer | Tools | Folder Options | File Types
There are no system-wide file associations. The different desktop environment each (may) have their own file association mechanisms.
Configuration | KDE | Components | File Associations
Clear Browser History
Windows Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer | Tools | Internet Options | General Tab | Clear History
Linux does not have a default browser, you can just set your personal default browser.
You can clear Firefox's cache in the options dialog, or even install a plugin to give you a button somewhere that does it.
The history of the Konqueror browser is stored in ~/.kde/share/apps/konqueror/konq_history To Clear Go Konqueror | Setting Configure Conqueror | History Sidebar (9th item down on left side panel) | Clear History
Kill a crashed App
Ctrl-Esc bring up a task list, and allows the user to select and kill a process.
Ctrl=Alt-Esc invokes XKill, which changes the cursor to Skull & Crossbones - and allows the user to kill a program by positioning the cursor over the crashed program and clicking to kill it.