Linux software equivalent to Windows software

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When migrating to Linux from Windows, a common question is "Where can I get an application for Linux that is similar to XYZ program on Windows?" Fear not! Listed below are programs that could be considered roughly equivalent to certain popular Windows applications. Note that the Linux programs might not have all the features which can be found in Windows proprietary software, but unless you are an expert in some Windows program this should not be a major obstacle.

Here is how to install software in Linux: Installing software

To install software in Linux you need root privileges i.e the root password.

Office and Productivity

Windows apps Linux apps Description
Microsoft Office, OpenOffice, Libre Office, WPS Office, Softmaker Office, Onlyoffice Desktop Libre Office, WPS Office(WPS-Community), OpenOffice, Calligra, Softmaker FreeOffice, OnlyOffice Desktop Office package
Microsoft Word, OOwriter, LibreOffice Writer, WPS Writer, Softmaker TextMaker, OnlyOffice Desktop OOWriter, AbiWord, WPS Writer, LibreOffice Writer, Calligra Words, FreeOffice TextMaker, OnlyOffice Desktop, Lyx, LaTeX Word Processing
Notepad, Wordpad, TheGun, EditPlus, SciTE, Notepad++

Vim, KWrite, Kate, BlueFish, Gedit, Joe, Sublime Text, Leafpad, Nano

Text Editors
Access, dBase, Foxpro, Paradox, OOBase, LibreOffice Base Kexi, OOBase, LibreOffice Base Database
Excel, Lotus123, QuattroPro LibreOffice Calc, Calligra Sheets, FreeOffice PlanMaker, WPS Spreedsheets, OOCalc, gnumeric, OnlyOffice Desktop Spreadsheet
Visio, yED, LibreOffice Draw Calligra Flow, yED, LibreOffice Draw Diagramming
PowerPoint LibreOffice Impress, OOImpress, Calligra Stage, WPS Presentation, FreeOffice Presentations, OnlyOffice Desktop Presentation software
Microsoft Project Manager MOOS Project Viewer, Calligra Plan Project management
Outlook, Thunderbird + Lightning Kontact, BALSA, Thunderbird + Lightning Personal information managers
Alcohol 120%, Discjuggler, Easy CD Creator, Nero Burning ROM

K3b, XCDRoast, Brasero, Xfburn, more

DVD/CD burning
Alcohol 120%, Nero Burning ROM, MakeMKV, ImgBurn, Infrarecorder MakeMKV, Thoggen, Dvdbackup, HandBrake, DVD::RIP, AcidRIP DVD ripping software
Quicken, Microsoft Money, TurboTax GnucAsh, KMyMoney, CrossOver Office with Quicken, lazy8ledger Accounting
ActiveSync

SynCE

Synchronization with Windows Mobile devices
WinEdt, TeXnicCenter Kile, Texmaker, LyX LaTeX IDEs
Veritas Backup Exec, Cobian Backup, Duplicati

LuckyBackup, Déjà Dup, Grsync, Duplicati more

Backup
Google Desktop

Recoll

Desktop Search
Norton Ghost

Partition Image, g4u, Mondo Rescue, dd, gDiskDump (a dd frontend), Clonezilla, Trinity Rescue Kit

Disk imaging
Norton Partition Magic

GParted, Clonezilla (a live cd), KDE Partition Manager, GNOME Disks

Disk partitioning
Disk Size Explorer File Light, Konqueror, Baobab, xdiskusage, duc ref. Disk usage analyzers
Filemon, Regmon syscalltrack system call tracking (file monitor & others)
WinMerge, SyncToy

Meld, Unison, Synkron, rSync

File synchronization
Google Backup & Sync, Dropbox, etc

Rclone

Cloud hosted file synchronization (Amazon S3, Dropbox, Google Cloud Storage, Google Drive, FTP, Microsoft OneDrive, sFTP, etc)
Windows Update, Add/Remove programs

apt-get, Aptitude, portage, rpm, urpmi, yast, yum, Synaptic, Snapcraft (Snap)

Every Linux distribution has an infrastructure to manage installed software which is quite different from Windows. For instance, all updates are handled by a single program. See package management.
WinRunner xautomation automating interactive applications
7-Zip, Winzip, Winrar, Peazip

Karchiver, File Roller, Xarchiver, ark, hjsplit; command line tools

Archivers
chkdsk fsck, other tools check your file system (and the hard disk beneath it) for errors
Daemon Tools

mount, Disk Image Mounter in Gnome/KDE, Furius ISO mount, AcetoneISO

ISO mounting
Disclib gWhere Disk cataloging programs
Evernote, OneNote NixNote, Tusk, Whatever, GeekNote, ForeverNote, Joplin, Xournal, XFCE4 Notes, Xpad, Hnb, Gnote, Feathernotes, Cherrytree, Bijiben, Basket, Noblenote, Nvpy. Thanks to [1] Note Taking App

Desktop Publishing

Windows apps Linux apps Description
Dreamweaver, NVU, KompoZer, Google Web Designer

Google Web Designer (WYSIWYG) more

Web Design
Quark, Quark Express, Microsoft Publisher, Scribus

Scribus, Laidout, VivaDesigner, QuickSilver

DTP software
Adobe Acrobat PDF Reader, Xpdf Reader, Foxit reader, Sumatra pdf

Evince, Zathura, Okular, Qpdfview, Foxit reader, PDF Studio Viewer, Xpdf, MuPDF, Atril, Ghostview, more

PDF readers
Adobe Acrobat Distiller, PDFCreator

CUPS-PDF, Libre Office, OpenOffice.org, PDF Studio, Kprinter -- can convert to pdf. more

PDF authoring
Adobe Acrobat PDF editor, PDF Studio Pro, Master PDF Editor

PDF Studio Pro, Master PDF Editor, Pdfedit, Pdfjam, Pdftk, Scribus, Inkscape, Libreoffice Draw. Thanks to this more

PDF editing tools
SilverFast

xSane, VueScan, Simple Scan, Skanlite, Gscan2pdf, GIMP with Quitelnsane

scanning
FinePrint

boomaga, page-crunch, mpage, Kprinter, psnup/PSutils, pdfnup/PDFjam

Document printing/reformatting tools

Networking

Windows apps Linux apps Description
Microsoft Internet Explorer, Microsoft Edge, Firefox, Opera, Chrome, Pale Moon, Brave, Vivaldi, Otter Browser

Firefox, Konqueror, Epiphany, Midori, Chrome, Chromium, Opera, Otter Browser, Brave, Vivaldi, Pale Moon, Dillo more

Web Browsers
Outlook Express, Outlook, Thunderbird, Pegasus, Lotus Notes, Seamonkey

Kontact, Evolution, Seamonkey, Thunderbird, others

Email clients.
ICQ, MSN Messenger, AIM (AOL Instant Messenger), Trillian, Pidgin

PidgIn, Hexchat, Kopete, aMSN, Emesene (MSN), Centericq

Instant messaging software.
Microsoft Netmeeting

Gnomemeeting

Microsoft HyperTerminal

minicom

FileZilla FTP Client, WS FTP, Bullet Proof FTP, CuteFTP

FileZilla FTP Client, KFTP (KFTPGrabber), Kasablanca, FireFTP, Konqueror, KBear, gFTP, CrossFTP, Nautilus

FTP clients. Please note GNOME, KDE (and other) programs can directly open and edit files on FTP, SFTP and WebDAV shares, often using KIO, GIO or [GVfs]].
mIRC, Hexchat, Pidgin, Quassel, KVIrc

Konversation, Quassel, KVIrc, XChat, HexChat, PidgIn, BitchX

IRC Clients
UltraVNC, TightVNC, RealVNC, Remote Desktop

TightVNC, RealVNC, rdesktop, FreeNX, x11vnc, Synergy, XDMCP, SSH with X11 forwarding (-X or -Y option)

Desktop Sharing
MailWasher, SpamAssassin for Windows

SpamAssassin

Spam filter
Forte Free Agent, Thunderbird, Pan

Thunderbird, Pan, See More Clients Here

News Reader (Usenet newsgroups)
eMule

MlDOnKey

ED2K P2P network clients
Vuze (formerly Azureus), utorrent, Transmission, Deluge, qBittorrent, Tixati, Frostwire, Tribler

Vuze (formerly Azureus), Tranmission, Deluge, qBittorrent, Tixati, Frostwire, Tribler, Qtorrent, bittornado, Ktorrent,

BitTorrent P2P network clients
Skype, Voipbuster

Skype, Linphone

VOIP software
Bitvise Tunnelier

gSTM

gSTM is a front-end for managing SSH-tunneled port redirects.

Server

Windows apps Linux apps Description
IIS, Apache

Apache, Engine-X, lighttpd

Web Servers
Folder sharing, printer sharing

Samba

Share files and printers between Windows and Linux systems. Installed by default on most distributions.
IIS, FileZilla FTP Client & Server vsftpd, pure-ftpd FTP servers, for hosting files.
NetLimiter

Trickle, Level 7 Filter, ClarkConnect, Bandwidth Arbitrator, MasterShaper

Bandwidth shaping and management.
Exchange

Citadel, zimbra, Open-Xchange

Groupware (sharing of appointments, contacts, e-mail, documents, etc. between members of a group)
Sharepoint

KnowledgeTree

Manage and secure documents, collaborate around document creation and editing, full document contents indexing
Norton/McAfee Antivirus, ClamWin, AVG, AntiVir, Avast, ClamAV

ClamAV, Avast Security for Linux

Antivirus software.
ZoneAlarm , Sygate SPF

Guarddog, Firestarter, GUFW, iptables

Firewall software

Multimedia

Windows apps Linux apps Description
Adobe Photoshop, Corel Photo-Paint, GIMP, GIMPShop, ImageMagick, LightZone (non-free high quality), Darktable, Pinta

GIMP, Glimpse, GIMPShop, ImageMagick, Pinta, Krita, LightZone (non-free high quality), Darktable

Raster graphics editors
Corel Draw, Adobe Illustrator, Inkscape, Vectr, Gravit, LibreOffice Draw

Inkscape, Gravit, Vectr, LibreOffice Draw, Ref.

Vector graphics editors
Adobe Animate, OpenToonz, Synfig, Pencil 2D, Tupi (Tupitube Desk) Synfig, Pencil 2D, Tupi (Tupitube Desk) 2D Animations
Irfanview, ACDSee, digiKam

XnView, Mirage, GThumb, Shotwell, KPhotoAlbum, Geeqie, digiKam, Gwenview

Image viewers
3D Studio MAX, Blender, Maya

Blender, Maya, K-3D

3D modeling software
Autodesk Inventor, Solidworks, CATIA FreeCAD, SALOME platform Professional 3D CAD software
Windows Media Player, PowerDVD, SMPlayer, MPV, VLC

SMPlayer, MPV, VLC, Xine, Totem, Kaffeine, Parole, MPlayer

Video Players
SIA Smaart Live BRP-PACU Sound analysis
Winamp, Sonique, iTunes, aTunes, Clementine, VLC, SMplayer, Deadbeef

Amarok, Clementine, RhythmBox, Banshee, Xine, VLC, SMplayer, Deadbeef, Audacious. See also Video Players section

Music Players
OTSAV, OTS Turntables, Serato, Traktor, Virtual DJ, PC DJ, Mixxx, UltraMixer Mixxx, UltraMixer Audio & video play out (DJ/presenter)
Windows Movie Maker, Adobe Premiere Elements, Multiquence, Avidemux, OpenShot, VidCutter, Shotcut, DaVinci Resolve, Natron, Olive, Lightworks

Cinelerra (difficult but very professional), KDenlive (easy and powerful), LiVES, AviDemux, OpenShot, VidCutter, Flowblade, Pitivi, DaVinci Resolve, Natron, Olive, Lightworks (thanks to Linux Format magazine), Shotcut(thanks to Linux Format magazine)

Video Editors
Audacity, Cubase, Ardour, Adobe Audition (formerly Cool Edit Pro), GoldWave, Cakewalk/Sonar, DaVinci Resolve, LMMS, Traverso-DAW, Waveform

Audacity, Rosegarden, Beast, Ardour, Harrison Mixbus, Radium, DaVinci Resolve, Bitwig Studio, Qtractor, Traverso-DAW, LMMS, Waveform

Digital audio workstation software
Audio Catalyst, Ocenaudio, dbpoweramp, CDex, DaVinci Resolve, Audacity

Audacity, Ocenaudio, DaVinci Resolve, Grip

Audio Editors
Wavesurfer, Audacity, Sox Audio Recorder, Ecasound, Audacity, Sox, Wavesurfer Audio recorders
Cakewalk/Sonar

kmid, kmidi, Rosegarden

MIDI
NoteWorthy Composer, MuseScore, LilyPond

MuseScore, LilyPond

Musical score typesetting
GuitarPro, TuxGuitar

TuxGuitar

Guitar tablature editors
Microsoft Paint, Kid Pix, Tux Paint, Pencil 2D, Krita, Pinta

Tuxpaint, KolourPaint, Pencil 2D, Krita, Dibuja, Pinta

Basic raster painting programs
Videora, Handbrake, WinFF, VLC

Handbrake, WinFF, Curlew, Selene Media Converter, VLC, Transmageddon

Video converter
TMPGEnc DVD Author, Roxio DVDit, Open DVD Producer, DVDStyler

DVDStyler, Open DVD Producer, DeVeDe

DVD authoring software
uTox, Jitsi, OpenMeetings, Jami (formerly GNU Ring, SFLphone), Microsoft Teams, Zoom uTox, OpenMettings, Jitsi, Jami (formerly GNU Ring, SFLphone), Empathy, Microsoft Teams, Zoom Video Conferencing

Education

Windows apps Linux apps Description
Klavaro, Tipp10 Klavaro, Tipp10, KTouch, Tux Typing, GNU Typist Touch typing tutors
Maple, Mathematica Maple, Mathematica, Maxima Computer algebra systems
Matlab

Matlab, Octave, SciLab, Sage, KAlgebra

High level numeric computation environments
SPSS, Stata, EViews

Stata, PSPP, R-project, S-Plus, Gretl

Statistical analysis
Verilog

iverilog

Verilog Simulator
Google Earth, NASA World Wind, Celestia, Stellarium, Microsoft Flight Simulator, FlightGear

Google Earth, Celestia, Stellarium, Marble, Geody, FlightGear

Geography, astronomy and simulation


Please add new applications to this list. A good resource is the BeetleSpace Windows/Linux Software Table of Equivalents, which is GNU FDL licensed.

See also